In this study, we evaluated the effect of BMP4 on the differentiation of insulin producing cells from mouse ES cell-derived definitive endoderm

can disrupt latency in B lymphocytes. J Virol 72: 7978984. Zalani S, Holley-Guthrie E, Kenney S Epstein-Barr viral latency is disrupted by the immediate-early BRLF1 protein through a cell-specific mechanism. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 93: 9194199. Sun R, Lin SF, Gradoville L, Yuan Y, Zhu F, et al. A viral gene that activates lytic cycle expression of Kaposi’s sarcoma- associated herpesvirus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95: 108660871. Lukac DM, Kirshner JR, Ganem D Transcriptional activation by the product of open reading frame 50 of Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus is required for lytic viral reactivation in B cells. J Virol 73: 9348361. Chen YL, Chen YJ, Tsai WH, Ko YC, Chen JY, et al. The Epstein-Barr virus replication and transcription activator, Rta/BRLF1, induces cellular senescence in epithelial cells. Cell Cycle 8: 585. Lee CP, Huang YH, Lin SF, Chang Y, Chang YH, et al. Epstein-Barr virus BGLF4 kinase induces disassembly of the nuclear lamina to facilitate virion production. J Virol 82: 119131926. Vieira J, O’Hearn PM Use of the red fluorescent protein as a marker of Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus lytic gene expression. Virology 325: 22540. Blagosklonny MV Cell senescence: hypertrophic arrest beyond the restriction point. J Cell Physiol 209: 59297. Demidenko ZN, Blagosklonny MV Growth stimulation leads to cellular senescence when the cell cycle is blocked. Cell Cycle 7: 3355361. Li Y, Mahajan NP, Webster-Cyriaque J, Bhende P, Hong GK, et al. The C-mer gene is induced by Epstein-Barr virus immediate-early protein BRLF1. J Virol 78: 117781785. Li Y, Webster-Cyriaque J, Tomlinson CC, Yohe M, Kenney S Fatty acid synthase expression is induced by the Epstein-Barr virus immediate-early protein BRLF1 and is required for lytic viral gene expression. J Virol 78: 4197206. Huang da W, Sherman BT, Lempicki RA Systematic and integrative analysis of large gene lists using DAVID bioinformatics resources. Nat Protoc 4: 447. Zhang B, Kirov S, Snoddy J WebGestalt: an integrated system for exploring gene sets in various biological contexts. Nucleic Acids Res 33: W74148. Campisi J, d’Adda di Fagagna F Cellular senescence: when bad things happen to good cells. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 8: 72940. Li X, Chen S, Feng J, Deng H, Sun R Myc is required for the maintenance of Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus latency. J Virol. Chen LW, Chang PJ, Delecluse HJ, Miller G Marked variation in response of consensus binding elements for the Rta protein of Epstein-Barr virus. J Virol 79: 9635650. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 10 March 2011 | Volume 6 | Issue 3 | e17809 EBV Rta-Mediated EBV and KSHV Reactivation 39. Gruffat H, Sergeant A Characterization of the DNA-binding site repertoire for the Epstein-Barr virus transcription factor R. Nucleic Acids Res 22: 1172178. 40. Schultz J, Ibrahim SM, Vera J, Kunz M 14-3-3sigma gene silencing during MedChemExpress Halofuginone melanoma progression and its role in cell cycle control and cellular senescence. Mol Cancer 8: 53. 41. Cayrol C, Flemington EK The Epstein-Barr virus bZIP transcription factor Zta causes G0/G1 cell cycle arrest through induction of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors. Embo J 15: 2748759. 42. Izumiya Y, Lin SF, Ellison TJ, Levy AM, Mayeur GL, et al. Cell cycle regulation by Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K-bZIP: direct interaction with cyclin-CDK2 and induction of G1 growth 10188977 arrest. J Virol 77: 9652661. 43. Rodriguez A, Jung EJ, Flemington EK Cell cycle analysis of Eps can disrupt latency in B lymphocytes. J Virol 72: 7978984. Zalani S, Holley-Guthrie E, Kenney S Epstein-Barr viral latency is disrupted by the immediate-early BRLF1 protein through a cell-specific mechanism. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 93: 9194199. Sun R, Lin SF, Gradoville L, Yuan Y, Zhu F, et al. A viral gene that activates lytic cycle expression of Kaposi’s sarcoma- associated herpesvirus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95: 108660871. Lukac DM, Kirshner JR, Ganem D Transcriptional activation by the product of open reading frame 50 of Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus is required for lytic viral reactivation in B cells. J Virol 73: 9348361. Chen YL, Chen YJ, Tsai WH, Ko YC, Chen JY, et al. The Epstein-Barr virus replication and transcription activator, Rta/BRLF1, induces cellular senescence in epithelial cells. Cell Cycle 8: 585. Lee CP, Huang YH, Lin SF, Chang Y, Chang YH, et al. Epstein-Barr virus BGLF4 kinase induces disassembly of the nuclear lamina to facilitate virion production. J Virol 82: 119131926. Vieira J, O’Hearn PM Use of the red fluorescent protein as a marker of Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus lytic gene expression. Virology 325: 22540. Blagosklonny MV Cell senescence: hypertrophic arrest beyond the restriction point. J Cell Physiol 209: 59297. Demidenko ZN, Blagosklonny MV Growth stimulation leads to cellular senescence when the cell cycle is blocked. Cell Cycle 7: 3355361. Li Y, Mahajan NP, Webster-Cyriaque J, Bhende P, Hong GK, et al. The C-mer gene is induced by Epstein-Barr virus immediate-early protein BRLF1. J Virol 78: 117781785. Li Y, Webster-Cyriaque J, Tomlinson CC, Yohe M, Kenney S Fatty acid synthase expression is induced by the Epstein-Barr virus immediate-early protein BRLF1 and is required for lytic viral gene expression. J Virol 78: 4197206. Huang da W, Sherman BT, Lempicki RA Systematic and integrative analysis of large gene lists using DAVID bioinformatics resources. Nat Protoc 4: 447. Zhang B, Kirov S, Snoddy J WebGestalt: an integrated system for exploring gene sets in various biological contexts. Nucleic Acids Res 33: W74148. Campisi J, d’Adda di Fagagna F Cellular senescence: when bad things happen to good cells. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 8: 72940. Li X, Chen S, Feng J, Deng H, Sun R Myc is required for the maintenance of Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus latency. J Virol. Chen LW, Chang PJ, Delecluse HJ, Miller G Marked variation in response of consensus binding elements for the Rta protein of Epstein-Barr virus. J Virol 79: 9635650. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 10 March 2011 | Volume 6 | Issue 3 | e17809 EBV Rta-Mediated EBV and KSHV Reactivation 39. Gruffat H, Sergeant A Characterization of the DNA-binding site repertoire for the Epstein-Barr virus transcription factor R. Nucleic Acids Res 22: 1172178. 40. Schultz J, Ibrahim SM, Vera J, Kunz M 14-3-3sigma gene silencing during melanoma progression and its role in cell cycle control and cellular senescence. Mol Cancer 8: 53. 41. Cayrol C, Flemington EK The Epstein-Barr virus bZIP transcription factor Zta causes G0/G1 cell cycle arrest through induction of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors. Embo J 15: 2748759. 42. Izumiya Y, Lin SF, Ellison TJ, Levy AM, Mayeur GL, et al. Cell cycle regulation by Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K-bZIP: direct interaction with cyclin-CDK2 and induction of G1 growth arrest. J Virol 77: 9652661. 43. Rodriguez A, Jung EJ, Flemington EK Cell cycle analysis of Eps

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