We and others have demonstrated that CD133+/CD44+ cells from established prostate cancer cell lines are also self-renewing and multipotent

sionc Wild type APP APP dCT dTip60 E431Q Transgenic fly linesa Pan-neuronal expressiond Not lethal Pupae/Adult Not lethal Late 3rd instar Early 2nd instar Late 3rd instar Late 3rd instar Early 2nd instar Late 3rd instar Partially lethal Partially lethal Partially lethal Not lethal Pupae/Adult Not lethal Late 3rd instar A A Early 2nd instar Late 3 Late 3 B B E431Q rd rd E431Q A E431Q APP; dTip60 E431Q APP dCT; dTip60 dTip60 B instar instar instar APP; dTip60 E431Q Early PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22205151 2 nd APP dCT; dTip60 Late 3rd instar Partially lethal Partially lethal Partially lethal 1118 dTip60WT lines A, B, C APP; dTip60WT lines A, B, C APP dCT; dTip60WT lines A, B, C a Ten female virgin flies homozygous for the indicated transgene or control w were crossed to seven males homozygous for the Gal4 driver. All crosses were carried out in triplicate at 25uC. b The crosses were monitored daily and the developmental stage at which lethality occurred was scored. C The 337-Gal4 was used to drive ubiquitous expression of transgenes. d The 179-Gal4 driver located on the X-chromosome was used to drive pan-neuronal expression of transgenes. Neuronal expression of low expressing independent fly line dTip60 HAT mutant alone or in conjunction with APP/APP dCT induced lethality in a fraction of the respective F1 progeny at the indicated developmental stage while the remainder of F1 progeny did not exhibit any lethal effect. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041776.t002 was dependent upon the Tip60 interacting C-terminal domain of APP. In contrast, when Tip60E431Q A was expressed in the nervous system in combination with APP or APP dCT, it resulted in partial lethality wherein only a fraction of the F1 progeny in each of these cases died as second and third instars, respectively similar to that seen in APP; Tip60E431Q B and APP dCT; Tip60E431Q B flies. However, the majority of F1 progeny did not have any lethal developmental effect. This milder effect observed with Tip60E431Q A expressing flies is likely due to the low level of dTip60 HAT mutant that is expressed in these flies. Similar to the effects we observed with ubiquitous expression, pan neuronal expression of dTip60WT with APP suppressed the APP induced lethality in a dose dependent fashion. Furthermore, with APP; dTip60WT line C, the number of F1 progeny that eclosed were significantly more than that observed in the respective single mutant dTip60WT lines. Taken together, our results demonstrate that Tip60 and APP functionally interact to mediate both general and nervous system specific development and that this interaction is dependent upon the Tip60 interacting C-terminal domain of APP. These data further support an epigenetic based role for Tip60 HAT activity in mediating APP induced developmental effects. Apoptosis related 5(6)-ROX pathway Alzheimer disease presenilin pathway Angiogenesis Apoptosis signaling pathway ATP synthesis Denovo purine biosynthesis Denovo pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide biosynthesis Denovo pyrimidine ribonucleotide biosynthesis EGF receptor signaling pathway FAS signaling pathway FGF signaling pathway Huntington disease Integrin signaling pathway Notch signaling pathway Oxidative stress response Number of genes 11 28 19 3 15 7 6 26 8 28 37 32 4 11 33 15 46 Tip60 HAT activity is required for the transcriptional regulation of genes linked to a variety of distinct apoptotic pathways The above findings indicating a functional interaction between APP and Tip60 in mediating general and nervous system specific lethal

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