Counter stained with DAPI.Cardiomyocyte Differentiation of hiPSCsUnder cardiac differentiation condition

Counter stained with DAPI.Cardiomyocyte Differentiation of hiPSCsUnder cardiac differentiation condition, spontaneously contracting EBs were derived from hiPSC lines after 15 days. Dissociated hiPSC-CMs in the small clusters containing 15,30 CMs with uniformed subtypes (Figure 1Ba), were found to express sarcomeric alpha-actinin (a-actinin) and beta-myosin heavy chain (b-MHC) with cross striations that were typical of CMs derived from hESCs (Figure 1Bb, c). Moreover, three subtypes of CMs were identified including ventricular-, atrial- and nodal-like CMs (V-CMs, A-CMs and N-CMs) were identified in hiPSC-CMs (Figure 1C). The subtypes of hiPSC-CMs were determined by their typical AP properties including, action potential amplitude (APA), action potential duration (APD) and dV/dtmax. From a total of 100 cardiomyocytes examined, the percentages of V-CMs, A-CMs and N-CMs were about 61 , 17.4 and 21.6 , IQ1 cost respectively (Table S1). It was noted that smallRecording of Action PotentialDissociated hiPSC-CMs were cultured on 3.5 cm glass-bottom dishes (WillCo-dishH Glass Bottom Dishes, the Netherlands). The spontaneous action potentials (AP) were recorded from hiPSCCalcium Sparks in iPSC-Derived CardiomyocytesFigure 1. Characterization of hiPSCs and hiPSC-derived CMs. (A) Immunofluorescent staining of hiPSC colonies with antibodies against Oct-4, SSEA-4, TRA-1-60 and TRA-1-81. (B) The hiPSC-CMs differentia4ed from above hiPSC line. (Ba) The phase-contrast light micrograph images of a V-CM cluster. (Bb and Bc) 1662274 Immunofluorescent staining hiPSC-CMs with antibodies against alpha-actinin and beta-MHC, respectively. Nuclei were stained with DAPI. (C) Action potential traces of ventricular-, atrial- and nodal-like CMs derived from hiPSCs. (D) Response of a ventricular-like hiPSC-CM to ISO recorded with patch-clamp. Abbreviations: ISO, isoproterenol. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055266.gCalcium Sparks in iPSC-Derived Cardiomyocytesclusters of cardiomyocytes (15,30 cells) dissociated from contracting EBs tended to contain exclusively homogenous subtypes of V-CMs and N-CMs (See Text S1). Furthermore, hiPSC-derived V-CMs (n = 5) showed a classical response MedChemExpress AKT inhibitor 2 towards ISO at minimal effective dose of 1 mM that induced contractions per 100ms at baseline and post ISO treatment at 26.465.2 and 35.266.4 (p,0.001) respectively (Figure 1D). However, atrial-and nodal-like CMs were not tested due to low yield of such subtypes in the hiPSC-CM preparation. Collectively, our data confirmed that hiPSC-CMs displayed cardiac structures and physiological function of cardiomyocytes similar to those of hESC-CMs.In order to further determine the characteristics of Ca2+ sparks, we analyzed the amplitude (F/F0), spatial size (FWHM: full width at half maximum) or duration (FDHM: full duration at half maximum) of spontaneous Ca2+ sparks. Figure 4E showed the histogram for F/F0, FDHM and FWHM of Ca2+ sparks which we deduced the relationship between the amplitude and size distributions of Ca2+ sparks and the population of Ca2+ sparks from their histogram plots. The mean values for F/F0, FWHM and FDHM were 1.6460.04, 2.3160.03 mm and 30.960.6 ms, respectively. Ca2+ sparks between hiPSC-CMs and adult ventricular myocytes (nspark = 302) have similar characteristics of Ca2+ sparks (Table S2).Spontaneous Ca2+ Transients in hiPSC-CMsFigure 2Ab shows representative Ca2+ transients obtained from sequential images recorded by a frame-scan mode in single hiPSCCM. A typical line-scan image of Ca2+ tr.Counter stained with DAPI.Cardiomyocyte Differentiation of hiPSCsUnder cardiac differentiation condition, spontaneously contracting EBs were derived from hiPSC lines after 15 days. Dissociated hiPSC-CMs in the small clusters containing 15,30 CMs with uniformed subtypes (Figure 1Ba), were found to express sarcomeric alpha-actinin (a-actinin) and beta-myosin heavy chain (b-MHC) with cross striations that were typical of CMs derived from hESCs (Figure 1Bb, c). Moreover, three subtypes of CMs were identified including ventricular-, atrial- and nodal-like CMs (V-CMs, A-CMs and N-CMs) were identified in hiPSC-CMs (Figure 1C). The subtypes of hiPSC-CMs were determined by their typical AP properties including, action potential amplitude (APA), action potential duration (APD) and dV/dtmax. From a total of 100 cardiomyocytes examined, the percentages of V-CMs, A-CMs and N-CMs were about 61 , 17.4 and 21.6 , respectively (Table S1). It was noted that smallRecording of Action PotentialDissociated hiPSC-CMs were cultured on 3.5 cm glass-bottom dishes (WillCo-dishH Glass Bottom Dishes, the Netherlands). The spontaneous action potentials (AP) were recorded from hiPSCCalcium Sparks in iPSC-Derived CardiomyocytesFigure 1. Characterization of hiPSCs and hiPSC-derived CMs. (A) Immunofluorescent staining of hiPSC colonies with antibodies against Oct-4, SSEA-4, TRA-1-60 and TRA-1-81. (B) The hiPSC-CMs differentia4ed from above hiPSC line. (Ba) The phase-contrast light micrograph images of a V-CM cluster. (Bb and Bc) 1662274 Immunofluorescent staining hiPSC-CMs with antibodies against alpha-actinin and beta-MHC, respectively. Nuclei were stained with DAPI. (C) Action potential traces of ventricular-, atrial- and nodal-like CMs derived from hiPSCs. (D) Response of a ventricular-like hiPSC-CM to ISO recorded with patch-clamp. Abbreviations: ISO, isoproterenol. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055266.gCalcium Sparks in iPSC-Derived Cardiomyocytesclusters of cardiomyocytes (15,30 cells) dissociated from contracting EBs tended to contain exclusively homogenous subtypes of V-CMs and N-CMs (See Text S1). Furthermore, hiPSC-derived V-CMs (n = 5) showed a classical response towards ISO at minimal effective dose of 1 mM that induced contractions per 100ms at baseline and post ISO treatment at 26.465.2 and 35.266.4 (p,0.001) respectively (Figure 1D). However, atrial-and nodal-like CMs were not tested due to low yield of such subtypes in the hiPSC-CM preparation. Collectively, our data confirmed that hiPSC-CMs displayed cardiac structures and physiological function of cardiomyocytes similar to those of hESC-CMs.In order to further determine the characteristics of Ca2+ sparks, we analyzed the amplitude (F/F0), spatial size (FWHM: full width at half maximum) or duration (FDHM: full duration at half maximum) of spontaneous Ca2+ sparks. Figure 4E showed the histogram for F/F0, FDHM and FWHM of Ca2+ sparks which we deduced the relationship between the amplitude and size distributions of Ca2+ sparks and the population of Ca2+ sparks from their histogram plots. The mean values for F/F0, FWHM and FDHM were 1.6460.04, 2.3160.03 mm and 30.960.6 ms, respectively. Ca2+ sparks between hiPSC-CMs and adult ventricular myocytes (nspark = 302) have similar characteristics of Ca2+ sparks (Table S2).Spontaneous Ca2+ Transients in hiPSC-CMsFigure 2Ab shows representative Ca2+ transients obtained from sequential images recorded by a frame-scan mode in single hiPSCCM. A typical line-scan image of Ca2+ tr.

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