Cells. (F) Positively stained, Magnification640 (G) Positively stained, Magnification610 (H) Negative

Cells. (F) Positively stained, Magnification640 (G) Positively stained, Magnification610 (H) Negative control: no primary antibody added, magnification610. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047920.gwere atypical and hyperchromatic while nucleoli were inconspicuous. Mitotic figures were rare. The majority of the tumour cells contained a pale intracytoplasmic vesicle pushing the nucleus to the periphery imparting a signet ring appearance. Extracellular mucus and stromal fibrosis were not seen. An independent histopathologist confirmed all the features of the tumour were consistent with a signet ring carcinoma of pancreas.The pUbC-S/MAR Plasmid is Episomally Maintained and Expressed in the Resulting Tumour TissuesTo provide physical evidence of the molecular nature of the pUbC-S/MAR plasmid in the HCC and pancreatic tumours, we performed Southern blot analysis on total DNA isolated from two different sites of the same tumour at 35 days post delivery of either the Huh7 or the MIA-PaCa2 cell line. A representative blot is shown in Figure 4A where an individual band of the expected size is detected in all lanes. This indicates that the pUbC-S/MAR pDNA remain episomal at 35 days postdelivery. Further evidence for episomal maintenance was also provided by plasmid rescue of pUbC-S/MAR plasmid isolated from kanamycin-resistant E. coli after transformation with total DNA from the tumour derived from Huh7 or MIA-PaCa2 treated mice. In this case, only intact free pDNA from the isolated tumour sample would produce bacterial colonies on plates containing kanamycin, the resistance marker present on the plasmid. The restriction patterns of the pUbC-S/MAR plasmid were consistent with unmodified non-integrated plasmid constructs (shown in Figure 4E). In addition, we performed a replication dependent restriction assay to show pDNA replication. Total tumour DNA from two different areas of either the HCC or the PaCa tumour, were isolated from animal groups treated with pUbC-S/MAR plasmid at the end of the 35 days experiment and was digested with SpeI, a single cutter, to linearize the plasmid, before further digestion overnight with the methylation-sensitive enzymes DpnI, MboI orBfuCI. All three enzymes recognize the same sequence (GATC). DpnI requires 47931-85-1 web methylation of the target DNA by bacterial cells for digestion, while MboI restriction is dependent on mammalian DNA methylation and BfuCl cuts regardless of methylation status and does not distinguish the source of methylation. The restriction digestion fragments were separated on a 0.8 agarose gel, then blotted and probed with a 408-bp fragment from the kanamycin resistance gene. The Southern blot analysis (Figure 4B) serves to compare the digestion pattern of pUbC-S/ MAR in tumour DNA isolated from the Huh7 treated animal group (Figure 4B lanes 1?) with that from the MIA-PaCa2 group (Figure 4B lanes 4?). A loss of bacterial methylation of the pUbC-S/MAR plasmid is found in DNA isolated from both tumours when these are digested with SpeI/MboI or SpeI/DpnI, respectively (lanes 1,2,4,5). Successful digestion by 16574785 MboI is Ornipressin chemical information indicated by conversion of the linear SpeI band to digestion fragments (lane 1 for Huh7 and lane 4 for MIAPaCa2), and lack of digestion by DpnI leaves the single SpeI linearized band intact (lane 2 for Huh7 and lane 5 for MIAPaCa2). As MboI only cuts mammalian-derived DNA, while DpnI requires bacterial methylation for digestion, this indicates that pUbC-S/MAR plasmid has replicated in tumor cells of b.Cells. (F) Positively stained, Magnification640 (G) Positively stained, Magnification610 (H) Negative control: no primary antibody added, magnification610. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047920.gwere atypical and hyperchromatic while nucleoli were inconspicuous. Mitotic figures were rare. The majority of the tumour cells contained a pale intracytoplasmic vesicle pushing the nucleus to the periphery imparting a signet ring appearance. Extracellular mucus and stromal fibrosis were not seen. An independent histopathologist confirmed all the features of the tumour were consistent with a signet ring carcinoma of pancreas.The pUbC-S/MAR Plasmid is Episomally Maintained and Expressed in the Resulting Tumour TissuesTo provide physical evidence of the molecular nature of the pUbC-S/MAR plasmid in the HCC and pancreatic tumours, we performed Southern blot analysis on total DNA isolated from two different sites of the same tumour at 35 days post delivery of either the Huh7 or the MIA-PaCa2 cell line. A representative blot is shown in Figure 4A where an individual band of the expected size is detected in all lanes. This indicates that the pUbC-S/MAR pDNA remain episomal at 35 days postdelivery. Further evidence for episomal maintenance was also provided by plasmid rescue of pUbC-S/MAR plasmid isolated from kanamycin-resistant E. coli after transformation with total DNA from the tumour derived from Huh7 or MIA-PaCa2 treated mice. In this case, only intact free pDNA from the isolated tumour sample would produce bacterial colonies on plates containing kanamycin, the resistance marker present on the plasmid. The restriction patterns of the pUbC-S/MAR plasmid were consistent with unmodified non-integrated plasmid constructs (shown in Figure 4E). In addition, we performed a replication dependent restriction assay to show pDNA replication. Total tumour DNA from two different areas of either the HCC or the PaCa tumour, were isolated from animal groups treated with pUbC-S/MAR plasmid at the end of the 35 days experiment and was digested with SpeI, a single cutter, to linearize the plasmid, before further digestion overnight with the methylation-sensitive enzymes DpnI, MboI orBfuCI. All three enzymes recognize the same sequence (GATC). DpnI requires methylation of the target DNA by bacterial cells for digestion, while MboI restriction is dependent on mammalian DNA methylation and BfuCl cuts regardless of methylation status and does not distinguish the source of methylation. The restriction digestion fragments were separated on a 0.8 agarose gel, then blotted and probed with a 408-bp fragment from the kanamycin resistance gene. The Southern blot analysis (Figure 4B) serves to compare the digestion pattern of pUbC-S/ MAR in tumour DNA isolated from the Huh7 treated animal group (Figure 4B lanes 1?) with that from the MIA-PaCa2 group (Figure 4B lanes 4?). A loss of bacterial methylation of the pUbC-S/MAR plasmid is found in DNA isolated from both tumours when these are digested with SpeI/MboI or SpeI/DpnI, respectively (lanes 1,2,4,5). Successful digestion by 16574785 MboI is indicated by conversion of the linear SpeI band to digestion fragments (lane 1 for Huh7 and lane 4 for MIAPaCa2), and lack of digestion by DpnI leaves the single SpeI linearized band intact (lane 2 for Huh7 and lane 5 for MIAPaCa2). As MboI only cuts mammalian-derived DNA, while DpnI requires bacterial methylation for digestion, this indicates that pUbC-S/MAR plasmid has replicated in tumor cells of b.

Leave a Reply