Parison to control cells transfected with a LUC vector, decreased cell

Parison to control cells transfected with a LUC vector, decreased cell viability was noted in HER3-transfected cellsEMT and HER3 Predicts Elisidepsin SensitivityFigure 4. HER3 expression levels correlate with cell HIV-RT inhibitor 1 sensitivity to elisidepsin. A) Cell pellets were fixed in formalin, embedded in paraffin and a HER3 IHC was performed. Cell lines more sensitive to elisidepsin had significant HER3 levels. Magnification 40x. B) Basal expression levels of HER family members were analyzed by western blot; an association between HER3 expression and elisidepsin sensitivity was observed (Mann-Whitney test: p = 0.0091; Fig. S3). Cell lines less sensitive to elisidepsin (MDA-MB-231, PANC-1 and MiaPaCa-2) did not show significant HER3 protein levels, while PANC-1 and MiaPaCa-2 cell lines show levels of other HER family members. No correlation was observed with HER1, HER2 and HER4 expression levels (Fig. S3). These protein expression levels were analyzed 12926553 in duplicate and 50 mg of protein of cell lysate were loaded 18325633 in each lane. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053645.g(Fig. 7). Altogether, these results suggest that ectopic HER3 expression sensitizes these cells to elisidepsin treatment.DiscussionElisidepsin is a novel marine compound with a potent cytotoxic activity in various tumor cell lines. The mechanisms of actions of this compound remain poorly understood, although several targetsEMT and HER3 Predicts Elisidepsin SensitivityFigure 5. Acquired resistance to elisidepsin induces an EMT phenotype. A) Cells were lysed, proteins were extracted and western blots were performed with equal amounts of cell lysate (50 mg protein). Expression of epithelial (E-cadherin, b-catenin, c-catenin)- and mesenchymal (vimentin, Slug, Snail, Twist)-associated proteins differentiates between elisidepsin-sensitive and elisidepsin-resistant cell lines. b-actin was used as an internal control. These western blots were performed in triplicate. B) Expression levels of HER1, HER2, HER3, HER4, pAkt, and pMAPK were analyzed by western blot using 50 mg of protein cell lysate. The membranes were stripped and reprobed with anti-b-actin to verify equal protein loading. C, control; R, resistance. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053645.ghave been proposed to be involved in the cellular response to elisidepsin treatment, such as fatty acid-containing ceramides, fatty acid 2-hydroxylase (FA2H), lysosomes, lipid rafts and epithelial growth factor receptors, including the HER receptors [10,29,30,31,32,33].In the present study we explored whether basal levels of EMT markers and HER receptor proteins could be predictive markers for elisidepsin treatment. The role of the cell membrane as an important target of elisidepsin was studied in breast and Salmon calcitonin web pancreas cancer cell lines. Basal levels of EMT protein expression markersEMT and HER3 Predicts Elisidepsin SensitivityFigure 6. Loss of HER3 expression decreases the sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment. Cell viability after treatment with various concentrations of elisidepsin for 72 h was determined in SKBR3 (A), MCF-7 (B), MDA-MB-231 (C), MDA-MB-435 (D), BT474 (E), BxPC-3 (F), HPAC (G) and AsPC-1 (H) cells. HER3 expression was downregulated with shRNA (grey squares); LUC shRNA transfected cells were used as the control (black diamonds). Mean, SD, and IC50 values are shown from three independent experiments. Cell viability was measured using a crystal violet assay. Before performing the viability experiments, all cell lines were checked by western blot usin.Parison to control cells transfected with a LUC vector, decreased cell viability was noted in HER3-transfected cellsEMT and HER3 Predicts Elisidepsin SensitivityFigure 4. HER3 expression levels correlate with cell sensitivity to elisidepsin. A) Cell pellets were fixed in formalin, embedded in paraffin and a HER3 IHC was performed. Cell lines more sensitive to elisidepsin had significant HER3 levels. Magnification 40x. B) Basal expression levels of HER family members were analyzed by western blot; an association between HER3 expression and elisidepsin sensitivity was observed (Mann-Whitney test: p = 0.0091; Fig. S3). Cell lines less sensitive to elisidepsin (MDA-MB-231, PANC-1 and MiaPaCa-2) did not show significant HER3 protein levels, while PANC-1 and MiaPaCa-2 cell lines show levels of other HER family members. No correlation was observed with HER1, HER2 and HER4 expression levels (Fig. S3). These protein expression levels were analyzed 12926553 in duplicate and 50 mg of protein of cell lysate were loaded 18325633 in each lane. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053645.g(Fig. 7). Altogether, these results suggest that ectopic HER3 expression sensitizes these cells to elisidepsin treatment.DiscussionElisidepsin is a novel marine compound with a potent cytotoxic activity in various tumor cell lines. The mechanisms of actions of this compound remain poorly understood, although several targetsEMT and HER3 Predicts Elisidepsin SensitivityFigure 5. Acquired resistance to elisidepsin induces an EMT phenotype. A) Cells were lysed, proteins were extracted and western blots were performed with equal amounts of cell lysate (50 mg protein). Expression of epithelial (E-cadherin, b-catenin, c-catenin)- and mesenchymal (vimentin, Slug, Snail, Twist)-associated proteins differentiates between elisidepsin-sensitive and elisidepsin-resistant cell lines. b-actin was used as an internal control. These western blots were performed in triplicate. B) Expression levels of HER1, HER2, HER3, HER4, pAkt, and pMAPK were analyzed by western blot using 50 mg of protein cell lysate. The membranes were stripped and reprobed with anti-b-actin to verify equal protein loading. C, control; R, resistance. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053645.ghave been proposed to be involved in the cellular response to elisidepsin treatment, such as fatty acid-containing ceramides, fatty acid 2-hydroxylase (FA2H), lysosomes, lipid rafts and epithelial growth factor receptors, including the HER receptors [10,29,30,31,32,33].In the present study we explored whether basal levels of EMT markers and HER receptor proteins could be predictive markers for elisidepsin treatment. The role of the cell membrane as an important target of elisidepsin was studied in breast and pancreas cancer cell lines. Basal levels of EMT protein expression markersEMT and HER3 Predicts Elisidepsin SensitivityFigure 6. Loss of HER3 expression decreases the sensitivity to elisidepsin treatment. Cell viability after treatment with various concentrations of elisidepsin for 72 h was determined in SKBR3 (A), MCF-7 (B), MDA-MB-231 (C), MDA-MB-435 (D), BT474 (E), BxPC-3 (F), HPAC (G) and AsPC-1 (H) cells. HER3 expression was downregulated with shRNA (grey squares); LUC shRNA transfected cells were used as the control (black diamonds). Mean, SD, and IC50 values are shown from three independent experiments. Cell viability was measured using a crystal violet assay. Before performing the viability experiments, all cell lines were checked by western blot usin.

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