Verview of Study Design We pilot-tested PLI by performing a 36-week

Verview of Study Design We pilot-tested PLI by performing a 36-week cross-over study at a social adult day program for individuals with dementia in San Francisco, CA. Group 1 participated in the PLI program at least 2 days per week for 45 minutes from weeks 1 to 18 while Group 2 engaged in usual activities, which included standard chair-based exercises. From weeks 19 to 36, the Dabigatran (ethyl ester hydrochloride) site groups crossed over, and Group 1 returned to usual activities while Group 2 participated in the PLI program at least 2 days per week for 45 minutes. Standardized assessments were performed in all participants at baseline, week 18 and week 36 by trained research assistants who were blinded to group assignment. While participants were receiving the PLI intervention, exercise instructors also met with participants and caregivers together on a monthly basis for a total of up to 4 home visits, to provide targeted exercise instruction and better assess participants’ goals and interests. Caregivers in both groups were called on a biweekly basis to assess for adverse events throughout the study period. order BMS 299897 Eligibility and Enrollment Participants and caregivers were enrolled as dyads. Inclusion criteria for participants were: age ! 55 years, a diagnosis of cognitive impairment or dementia of any type or severity, adult 5 / 19 Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise 6 / 19 Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise Fig 1. Flow Diagram of Study Participants. A total of 22 participant /caregiver dyads were assessed for eligibility, of whom 10 were excluded and 12 were enrolled and allocated to Group 1 or Group 2. Group 1 participated in the Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise program while Group 2 participated in Usual Care activities from weeks 1 to 18. The groups then crossed over, and Group 1 returned to Usual Care activities while Group 2 participated in PLI from weeks 19 to 36. Assessments were performed at baseline, 18 weeks and 36 weeks. One participant withdrew from Group 1 prior to the 18-week assessment and one participant withdrew from Group 2 prior to the 36-week assessment. In addition, one CG in Group 2 did not complete the 18- or 36-week assessments. day program attendance at least 2 days/week, recommended by adult day staff, English language fluency and caregiver consent. These PubMed ID:http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/127/1/8 criteria were designed to be as inclusive as possible to reflect the real world heterogeneity of adult day programs. Most clients at this center had mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease or vascular dementia. Exclusion criteria for participants were: lack of assent to study procedures. Inclusion criteria for caregivers were: current provision of care to primary participant and ability to answer questions about the primary participant’s physical function, behaviors, quality of life and their own level of stress. Exclusion criteria for caregivers were: major neurologic or psychiatric condition, life expectancy < 1 year, evidence of cognitive impairment or inability to consent to study procedures. Potential participant/caregiver dyads were first contacted by staff at the adult day program. Those who agreed were then contacted by research staff and invited to participate in the study. As the day program already included daily exercise and required all clients to receive medical clearance prior to joining, our study did not require additional medical clearance. Setting All intervention procedures took place at the adult day center or participant/caregiver homes. Outco.Verview of Study Design We pilot-tested PLI by performing a 36-week cross-over study at a social adult day program for individuals with dementia in San Francisco, CA. Group 1 participated in the PLI program at least 2 days per week for 45 minutes from weeks 1 to 18 while Group 2 engaged in usual activities, which included standard chair-based exercises. From weeks 19 to 36, the groups crossed over, and Group 1 returned to usual activities while Group 2 participated in the PLI program at least 2 days per week for 45 minutes. Standardized assessments were performed in all participants at baseline, week 18 and week 36 by trained research assistants who were blinded to group assignment. While participants were receiving the PLI intervention, exercise instructors also met with participants and caregivers together on a monthly basis for a total of up to 4 home visits, to provide targeted exercise instruction and better assess participants' goals and interests. Caregivers in both groups were called on a biweekly basis to assess for adverse events throughout the study period. Eligibility and Enrollment Participants and caregivers were enrolled as dyads. Inclusion criteria for participants were: age ! 55 years, a diagnosis of cognitive impairment or dementia of any type or severity, adult 5 / 19 Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise 6 / 19 Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise Fig 1. Flow Diagram of Study Participants. A total of 22 participant /caregiver dyads were assessed for eligibility, of whom 10 were excluded and 12 were enrolled and allocated to Group 1 or Group 2. Group 1 participated in the Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise program while Group 2 participated in Usual Care activities from weeks 1 to 18. The groups then crossed over, and Group 1 returned to Usual Care activities while Group 2 participated in PLI from weeks 19 to 36. Assessments were performed at baseline, 18 weeks and 36 weeks. One participant withdrew from Group 1 prior to the 18-week assessment and one participant withdrew from Group 2 prior to the 36-week assessment. In addition, one CG in Group 2 did not complete the 18- or 36-week assessments. day program attendance at least 2 days/week, recommended by adult day staff, English language fluency and caregiver consent. These PubMed ID:http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/127/1/8 criteria were designed to be as inclusive as possible to reflect the real world heterogeneity of adult day programs. Most clients at this center had mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease or vascular dementia. Exclusion criteria for participants were: lack of assent to study procedures. Inclusion criteria for caregivers were: current provision of care to primary participant and ability to answer questions about the primary participant’s physical function, behaviors, quality of life and their own level of stress. Exclusion criteria for caregivers were: major neurologic or psychiatric condition, life expectancy < 1 year, evidence of cognitive impairment or inability to consent to study procedures. Potential participant/caregiver dyads were first contacted by staff at the adult day program. Those who agreed were then contacted by research staff and invited to participate in the study. As the day program already included daily exercise and required all clients to receive medical clearance prior to joining, our study did not require additional medical clearance. Setting All intervention procedures took place at the adult day center or participant/caregiver homes. Outco.

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