Ding on type of dialysis start. 168 patients were considered as early

Ding on type of dialysis start. 168 GDC-0084 web patients were considered as early referred and with a planned dialysis start, 113 patients were considered as early referred but with a non-planned dialysis start, 63 patients were considered late referred but with planned dialysis start and 203 patients were late referred and had non-planned dialysis start. Planned dialysis patients were 231 of the total population and non-planned dialysis start were 316. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155987.gPLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.buy Nutlin (3a) 0155987 May 26,4 /Referral, Modality and Dialysis Start in an International SettingTable 1. Clinical characteristics according to planning of dialysis start. Population n Males, n ( ) Age, years Weight at dialysis start, Kg Cause of ESRD ( ) Diabetes mellitus, n ( ) Glomerular, n ( ) Inherited, n ( ) Unknown, n ( ) Others, n ( ) Tubulo-interstitial, n ( ) Vascular, n ( ) Biochemistry at dialysis start Serum Creatinine (mg/dl) CCr 24h (ml/min) EPO prescribed, n ( ) Haemoglobin (g/dl) Serum Calcium (mg/dl) Serum Phosphorus (mg/dl) S. Albumin (g/dl) RRT at 1st dialysis session HD, n ( ) PD, n ( ) 1st chronic RRT HD, n ( ) PD, n ( ) 488 (89.2) 59 (10.7) 191 (82.6) 40 (17.3) 297 (94) 19 (6) <0.001 502 (91.7) 45 (8.2) 191 (82.6) 40 (17.3) 311 (98.4) 5 (1.5) <0.001 6.1 (3.3?1.4) 9 (5?6) 209 (38) 10 (7?2) 8.4 (7.3?.9) 4.8 (3.4?.6) 3.6 (2.8?.2) 5.2 (3.3?.2) 9 (5?5) 115 (50) 10 (8?1) 8.8 (7.4?.9) 4.6 (3.4?.4) 3.8 (3.2?.3) 6.8 (3.9?2.5) 8 (4?6) 94 (30) 9 (7?1) 8.3 (7.3?.4) 5.2 (3.6?.7) 3.4 (2.7?.0) <0.001 NS <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 162 (30) 64 (12) 26 (4.7) 52 (9.5) 56 (10) 62 (11) 125 (23) 74 (32) 27 (12) 18 (8) 11 (5) 15 (6) 19 (8) 67 (29) 88 (28) 37 (12) 8 (2.5) 41 (13) 41 (13) 43 (14) 58 (18) <0.001 Total 547 332 (61) 64 (42?1) 77 (56?00) P dialysis start 231 144 (62) 63 (40?0) 80 (58?7) NP dialysis start 316 188 (59) 64 (43?0) 73 (55?01) NS NS <0.01 P-valueValues are median (10th to 90th percentile), or percentage. Abbreviations: P, planned dialysis start; NP, non-planned dialysis start; ESRD, end stage renal disease; RRT, renal replacement therapy; HD, hemodialysis; PD, peritoneal dialysis; EPO, erythropoietin. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155987.tthe patients were referred late to ICS [in Romania (57 ), Poland (50 ) and Hungary (35 )]. Predialysis (GFR <30ml/min) care was provided in ICS more frequently by general nephrologists (68 ) rather than by specialized predialysis staff (29 ). Most patients 479/547 (87 ) received some renal education prior to dialysis start. RRT modality information was provided to 436/547 (80 ) of patients. Of the modality informed patients, final RRT was exclusively based upon patient choice in 57 of cases. The median time from information to dialysis start was 2 months. Patients (246/436; 57 ) signed informed consents at the time of modality provision and at the time of dialysis start (421/547; 77 ). More patients received modality information in the PD group (92 ) compared with 78 in the HD (p = 0.02). Optimal care was observed in 123/547 (23 ) of the patients.Planned versus non-planned startReasons for becoming NP and needing urgent dialysis are presented in Table 2. 316/547 (58 ) started dialysis as NP and 113/316 (36 ) of the NP patients were previously followed up, for at least 3 months, by nephrologists (54 of patients at an ICS clinic vs. 46 byPLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0155987 May 26,5 /Referral, Modality and Dialysis Start in an International SettingTable 2. Reasons for non-pl.Ding on type of dialysis start. 168 patients were considered as early referred and with a planned dialysis start, 113 patients were considered as early referred but with a non-planned dialysis start, 63 patients were considered late referred but with planned dialysis start and 203 patients were late referred and had non-planned dialysis start. Planned dialysis patients were 231 of the total population and non-planned dialysis start were 316. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155987.gPLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0155987 May 26,4 /Referral, Modality and Dialysis Start in an International SettingTable 1. Clinical characteristics according to planning of dialysis start. Population n Males, n ( ) Age, years Weight at dialysis start, Kg Cause of ESRD ( ) Diabetes mellitus, n ( ) Glomerular, n ( ) Inherited, n ( ) Unknown, n ( ) Others, n ( ) Tubulo-interstitial, n ( ) Vascular, n ( ) Biochemistry at dialysis start Serum Creatinine (mg/dl) CCr 24h (ml/min) EPO prescribed, n ( ) Haemoglobin (g/dl) Serum Calcium (mg/dl) Serum Phosphorus (mg/dl) S. Albumin (g/dl) RRT at 1st dialysis session HD, n ( ) PD, n ( ) 1st chronic RRT HD, n ( ) PD, n ( ) 488 (89.2) 59 (10.7) 191 (82.6) 40 (17.3) 297 (94) 19 (6) <0.001 502 (91.7) 45 (8.2) 191 (82.6) 40 (17.3) 311 (98.4) 5 (1.5) <0.001 6.1 (3.3?1.4) 9 (5?6) 209 (38) 10 (7?2) 8.4 (7.3?.9) 4.8 (3.4?.6) 3.6 (2.8?.2) 5.2 (3.3?.2) 9 (5?5) 115 (50) 10 (8?1) 8.8 (7.4?.9) 4.6 (3.4?.4) 3.8 (3.2?.3) 6.8 (3.9?2.5) 8 (4?6) 94 (30) 9 (7?1) 8.3 (7.3?.4) 5.2 (3.6?.7) 3.4 (2.7?.0) <0.001 NS <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 162 (30) 64 (12) 26 (4.7) 52 (9.5) 56 (10) 62 (11) 125 (23) 74 (32) 27 (12) 18 (8) 11 (5) 15 (6) 19 (8) 67 (29) 88 (28) 37 (12) 8 (2.5) 41 (13) 41 (13) 43 (14) 58 (18) <0.001 Total 547 332 (61) 64 (42?1) 77 (56?00) P dialysis start 231 144 (62) 63 (40?0) 80 (58?7) NP dialysis start 316 188 (59) 64 (43?0) 73 (55?01) NS NS <0.01 P-valueValues are median (10th to 90th percentile), or percentage. Abbreviations: P, planned dialysis start; NP, non-planned dialysis start; ESRD, end stage renal disease; RRT, renal replacement therapy; HD, hemodialysis; PD, peritoneal dialysis; EPO, erythropoietin. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155987.tthe patients were referred late to ICS [in Romania (57 ), Poland (50 ) and Hungary (35 )]. Predialysis (GFR <30ml/min) care was provided in ICS more frequently by general nephrologists (68 ) rather than by specialized predialysis staff (29 ). Most patients 479/547 (87 ) received some renal education prior to dialysis start. RRT modality information was provided to 436/547 (80 ) of patients. Of the modality informed patients, final RRT was exclusively based upon patient choice in 57 of cases. The median time from information to dialysis start was 2 months. Patients (246/436; 57 ) signed informed consents at the time of modality provision and at the time of dialysis start (421/547; 77 ). More patients received modality information in the PD group (92 ) compared with 78 in the HD (p = 0.02). Optimal care was observed in 123/547 (23 ) of the patients.Planned versus non-planned startReasons for becoming NP and needing urgent dialysis are presented in Table 2. 316/547 (58 ) started dialysis as NP and 113/316 (36 ) of the NP patients were previously followed up, for at least 3 months, by nephrologists (54 of patients at an ICS clinic vs. 46 byPLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0155987 May 26,5 /Referral, Modality and Dialysis Start in an International SettingTable 2. Reasons for non-pl.

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