Nts by next-generation sequencing. We aimed at identifying differentially regulated miRNAs, and detecting previously unknown sepsis-associated miRNAs. Informed consent was obtained plus the study was approved by the health-related ethics committee in the University Hospital Ludwig-Maximilians, University of Munich. Final results. In septic shock, a total of 24 and 34 distinct exosomal miRNAs had been down- and upregulated, respectively. The majority of these differentially regulated miRNAs in exosomes (n = 32) had not previously been linked with sepsis. RT-qPCR experiments on eight of these miRNAs verified all of them except for one particular. Interestingly, exosome evaluation contributed significant information with regards to disease staging and survival prediction. 3 miRNAs displayed stringent correlation of expression levels and illness severity, whereas miR-30a-5p and miR-125b-5p predicted survival of sepsis patients with high self-confidence. In silico analysis highlighted essential signalling functions of differentially regulated miRNAs in sepsis-relevant pathways like inflammation, hypoxia signalling and pathogen sensing. Conclusion. This study established robust miRNA expression profiles in blood-derived exosomes of sepsis individuals, suggesting new avenues for sepsis investigation, early sepsis diagnosis, disease staging and survival prediction by means of liquid biopsy.using a Boyden chamber assay. The supernatant of cultured CD4+ T lymphocytes have been collected 6 days just after re-stimulation of OVA and therapy with EVs and used for the analysis of cytokine Alpha-1 Antitrypsin 1-4 Proteins MedChemExpress release by ELISA. Outcomes: Asthmatic lung EVs dose-dependently induced migration of CD4+ spleen T lymphocytes (numbers of migrated cells, 1040, 1057, 1525, 2673 (concentration of exosomes 0 , 0.1 , 1 , 10), 791, 883, 1354, 1680 (concentration of microvesicles 0 , 0.1 , 1 , ten)). EVs also enhanced IL-13 release by CD4+ cells, and microvesicles induced greater cytokine release in comparison to exosomes, which seemed to be suppressive (1523 pg/ml (manage), 3676 pg/ml (exosome), 7357 pg/ml (microvesicles), 3780 pg/ml (OVA re-stimulation + exosome), 9410 pg/ ml (OVA re-stimulation + microvesicles)). Conclusion: Lung tissue derived EVs regulate T-cell migration and Th2 cytokine release. EVs from asthmatic lung may perhaps aggravate inflammation additional, but the function of exosomes and microvesicles may be various.PF05.Altered miRNA expression in neutrophil derived-exosomes in serious asthma Amandine Vargas and Jean-Pierre Lavoie Universitde Montreal, Montreal, CanadaPF05.Functional properties of lung-tissue derived extracellular vesicles within a model of asthma Shintaro Suzuki1, Lilit Hovhannisyan2, Cecilia L ser1, Kyong-Su Park1, Yasunari Kishino1, Ganesh Shelke1, Rossella Crescitelli1 and Jan L vall1 Krefting Analysis Centre, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sweden; 2Institute of Molecular Biology, Armenian National Academy of Sciences, Yerevan, ArmeniaIntroductions: Asthma is a chronic airway disease associated with eosinophilic inflammation. Immune cells such as Th2 lymphocytes play an important part to aggravate the inflammation by making multiple pro-inflammatory cytokines. Several Th2 cytokines, like IL-13, are identified to be involved in allergic asthma, and influence airway hyperresponsiveness and TR alpha 1 Proteins Recombinant Proteins remodelling. Extracellular vesicles such as exosomes and microvesicles are present in the lungs, but tiny is recognized regarding their biological function in asthma. This study aims is usually to establish the effects of EVs on T-ce.